1 tablespoon olive oil
1/4 cup diced prosciutto or other cured ham (optional)
1 large onion, chopped
1 cup chopped celery
1 red bell pepper, chopped
2 cloves garlic, minced
6 cups bouillon
3/4 cup barley
1/4 teaspoon harissa, or more to taste (see note #1, below)
3 15-ounce cans chick peas or about 5 cups of cooked chickpeas (see note #2)
Juice of one lemon
Optional garnishes:
Flat Italian parsley, chopped
Lemon wedges

Heat the olive oil in the bottom of a soup pot and stir in the prosciutto (if using), cut into 1/4″ dice, and let it fry for a few minutes. Stir in the onions, celery, red bell pepper and garlic, and cook over high heat for about five minutes; stir often and do not let them burn. When the vegetables are softened, add the bouillon, barley and harissa. Bring to a boil, reduce the heat and simmer, covered, for one hour or until the barley is soft. Add the chickpeas and cook 15 minutes more. Stir in the lemon juice and adjust the seasoning to your taste. If you wish, use a hand blender briefly, or mash with a large spoon, to thicken the soup a little but do not make it smooth (most of the chickpeas should still be whole.) Serve with any or all of the optional garnishes.

6-8 servings

Note #1
: Harissa is HOT; start with a little and then taste after the barley has cooked to see if you want more. Make your own harissa from my recipe, or you can buy it in middle eastern markets or some supermarkets, or online (Amazon has several brands).  If you prefer a milder version, use 1 teaspoon ground cumin and a small pinch of cayenne in place of the harissa.

Note #2: If you have the time, this soup tastes better if you cook your own chick peas instead of using canned ones. To use dried chick peas, start the night before. In a large pot, soak a 1-pound bag of dried chickpeas in water to cover for at least 12 hours (or use 2 bags and double the rest of the recipe — it freezes well). Drain, rinse and cover with fresh water. Bring to a boil, reduce the heat to a simmer and cook, covered, for 1 1/2 hours or until the chickpeas are very tender. Check occasionally to make sure they are still covered with liquid; add more as needed.  Drain and proceed with the recipe.